These Maps Divide the World into 4 Income Classes

16 March 2016

The Global Finance Magazine recently released an article comparing countries by income across the world for 2015, sourcing data from the World Bank. Gross National Income (GNI) per capita is the final income earned by a country’s residents divided by the total population. Countries are divided into 4 different groups:

  • Group 1 - Low income: $1,045 or less

  • Group 2 - Lower middle income: $1,046 to $4,125

  • Group 3 - Upper middle income: $4,126 to $12,745

  • Group 4 - High income: $12,746 or more

Based on the data of 204 countries, below is a breakdown of the number of countries that fall within each of the 4 income groups listed above.

  • Group 1 - Low income: 17%

  • Group 2 - Lower middle income: 25%

  • Group 3 - Upper middle income: 26%

  • Group 4 - High income: 32%

North America

Take a look at the breakdown of income from the 11 countries labeled above.

  • High income: 4 countries

  • Upper middle income: 6 countries

  • Low income: 1 country

Central and South America

Take a look at the breakdown of income from the 19 countries labeled above.

  • High income: 2 countries

  • Upper middle income: 10 countries 

  • Lower middle income: 7 countries

Europe

Take a look at the breakdown of income from the 34 countries labeled above.

  • High income: 21 countries

  • Upper middle income: 9 countries

  • Lower middle income: 4 countries

East

Take a look at the breakdown of income from the 28 countries labeled above.

  • High income: 5 countries

  • Upper middle income: 7 countries

  • Lower middle income: 10 countries

  • Low income: 6 countries

Africa

Take a look at the breakdown of income from the 42 countries labeled above.

  • High income: 1 country

  • Upper middle income: 7 countries

  • Lower middle income: 12 countries

  • Low income: 22 countries

Oceania

Take a look at the breakdown of income from the 8 countries labeled above.

  • High income: 3 countries

  • Upper middle income: 1 country

  • Lower middle income: 4 countries

Greater Density of High Income States in Europe and Low Income States in Africa

The data shows that of the 204 countries, 66 countries (33%) are considered to have “high income” on a GNI per capita basis. Of these 66 countries, 32 are located in Europe! On the other hand, 34 countries (17%) are considered to have “low income” on a GNI per capita basis and of these 34 countries, 26 countries are in Africa. This represents over 76% of low income countries in one continent! As a matter of fact, Europe, Central and South America, and Oceania do not have any countries that fall within the “low income” group. As seen by the maps and data, countries within similar income groups (both high and low) tend to be located close to one another. 

Please feel free to leave your comments below! We would like to hear your feedback.

Sources: Country by Income Group

 

Correction on 27th of May:

- In the map of Europe Hungary was incorrectly shown in the GNI range of $4,126 to $12,745. It belongs to the GNI range of $12,746 or more (high income) since its GNI per capita is $13,340.

Correction on 17th March: 

- In the map of Europe Iceland was missing, it is now included. 

- In the map of Africa The Democratic Republic of Congo was mislabeled as Central African Republic, it is now corrected. 

- In the map of Oceania New Zealand was mispelled. 

 


 by Raul    

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